The coinage of Apollonia and Dyrrhachium

Apolloniate drachms: Chronological tables

28 March 2021

Contents of this page:


Introduction to the tables

The structure of the tables is similar to those of the Dyrrhachian drachms (see previous chapter).

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Class A1R1a-c (161-145 BC)

Obv. Cow to right. Monogram or abbreviated name above cow; no symbols. Rev. Line border. Straight sides of square.

Number of authentic issues: 17. Chronological sequence within subclasses is uncertain. All known emissions are included in the tables.

Class A1R1a drachms
Year B.C. Obverse Reverse Ceka
? ? ΨΥΛ ΗΡΑ ΚΛΕΙ ΔΑ 135
? ? ΦΙ ΤΙΜΟ ΚΡΑ ΤΕΟΣ 121
? ? ΨΥ ΛΛ ΟΥ 122
? ? ΕΥΜΕ ΑΡΙΣ ΤΑΡ ΧΟΥ 51
? ? ΜΟ ΣΧΙΩ ΝΟΣ 52
? ? ΣΩ ΛΥ ΣΑ ΝΙΑ 101
? ? ΝΑΥ ΣΙΛΟ ΧΟΥ 102
? ? ΗΡΑ ΑΡ ΧΗ ΝΟΣ 57
? ? ΙΕ ΙΠ ΠΑΝ ΘΟΥ 63
? ? ΣΩΤΙ ΠΑΡ ΜΕΝΙ ΣΚΟΥ 112

Class A1R1b drachms
Year B.C. Obverse Reverse Ceka
? ? ΔΑ ΘΕΟ ΓΝΗ ΤΟΥ 34
? ? KER ΚI NOY 35
? ? NOY MH NIOY -
? ? ΠΟΛ ΓΟΡ ΓΟΥ -

Class A1R1c drachms
Year B.C. Obverse Reverse Ceka
? ? ΗΡΑ ΚΑΛ ΛΗ ΝΟΣ 58
? ? ΝΙ ΚΙ Α 59
? ? ΚΛΕ ΛΥ ΣΩ ΝΟΣ 69
ΣΙ 97

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Class A2R2 (144-95 BC)

Obv. Cow to right. Full name above cow. No symbols. Rev. Straight sides of square.

Number of authentic issues: 51. Chronological sequence has not been established. Just few examples are included in the table.

Class A2R2 drachms
Year B.C. Obverse Reverse Ceka
? ? ? ? ?
? ? ΑΓΙΑΣ Α ΒΡΩ ΝΟΣ -
ΦΙΛΩΤΑΣ 128
? ? ΒΑΤΩΝ ΑΙ ΣΧΙ ΝΑ 63
? ? ΝΙΚΑ ΣΙΩΝ ΑΠΤΟΙ Α ΤΟΥ 86
? ? ΠΑΡΜΗΝ ΑΡΧ ΙΒΙ ΟΥ 233
? ? ΛΥ ΣΩ ΝΟΣ 96
? ? ΦΙΛΩΤΑΣ ΣΩ Σ ΟΥ 152
? ? ? ? ?

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Class A3R3 (94-86 BC)

Obv. Cow to right. Symbol or monogram. Rev. Straight sides of square.

Number of authentic issues: 9, all 10 emissions are included in the table. Chronological sequence uncertain.

Class A3R3 drachms
Year B.C. Obverse Reverse Above name Left / Right Exergue Ceka
? ? ΕΥΝΟΥΣ ΘΕ ΟΦΙ ΛΟΥ bird - / - - -
? ? ΚΙΡΗΝ ΙΠ ΠΗ ΝΟΣ - - / - ΑΡ -
? ? ΝΟΥΜΗΝΙΟΣ ΛΥΣΙΜΑΧΟΥ - - / - ΑΒ 90
? ? ΦΙΛΙΣΤΙΩΝ ΛΥ ΣΩ ΝΟΣ - - / - torch 126
? ? ΨΥΛΛΟΣ NIKΑ ΓΑ ΘΟΥ ? - / - "telephone" -
? ? ΠΑΡΜΕΝΙΣΚΟΣ ΠΡΕΥ ΡΑ ΔΟΥ - - / - star in crescent 94
? ? ΑΡΙΣΤIΠΠΟΣ ΤΙΜΟ ΞΕ ΝΟΥ ΠΑΡ - / - - 23
? ? ΣΩΣΙΛΟΧΟΣ ΠΑΡ - / - - 105
? ? ΔΙOΝΥΣΙΟΣ ΦΙΛΙ ΣΤΙΩ ΝΟΣ - - / - Γ 42
? ? ΤΙΜΟΚΡΑΤΗΣ ΦΙΛΟ ΚΛΕ ΟΣ - - / - quiver 116

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Class A4Ls (85-82 BC)

Obv. Cow to left. Rev. Straight sides of square.

Number of authentic issues: 4; all are included in the table. Chronological sequence uncertain.

Class A4Ls drachms
Year B.C. Obverse Reverse Above name Left / Right Exergue Ceka
? ? ΑΙΣΧΥΛΟΣ ΘΕΜΙ ΣΤΟ ΚΛΕΟΣ - - / - snail 10
? ? ΑΡΙΣΤΕΑΣ ΘΕΡ ΣΙ Α - - / - ear of corn 17
? ? ΛΥΣΑΝΙΑΣ ΝΙΚΟ ΤΕΛΕ ΟΣ - - / - grapes 73
? ? ΑΡΙΣΤΩΝ ΦΙΛΟ ΔΑ ΜΟΥ - ear of corn/ - rudder 28

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Class A5Lc1 (81-60 BC)

Obv. Cow to left. Symbols or monograms. Alpha with V-connection. Rev. Sides of square inward bending.

Number of authentic issues: 22. Uncertain chronological sequence in the first part; few examples are shown. From year -18 (63 BC) onward, all are included in the table.

Note: the Aibatios-Hairenos issue displays the fire/pedum reverse, not the double stellate pattern (see in chapter Drachms: Chronological classes).

Class A5Lc1 drachms
Year B.C. Obverse Reverse Above name Left / Right Exergue Ceka
? ? ? ? - - / - - -
? ? ? ? - - / - - -
? ? ? ? - - / - - -
? ? ? ? - - / - - -
? ? ? ? - - / - - -
? ? ΑΡΙΣΤΗΝ ΑΡΙ ΣΤΩ ΝΟΣ - crescent+star / - caddies 19
? ? ? ? - - / - - -
? ? ΤΕΛΕΣΑΡΧΟΣ ΔΕΙΝΟ ΚΡΑ ΤΕΟΣ - ΛΩ / - star 113
? ? ? ? - - / - - -
? ? ΤΕΛΕΣΑΡΧΟΣ ΙΠΠΟ ΔΑ ΜΟΥ - - / - ΑΥ 114
? ? ? ? - ? / ? ? ?
? ? ΚΑΛΛΗΝ ΠΕΛ ΛΙ ΟΣ - - / - ΥΕ 66
? ? ? ? - - / - - -
-20 67 ΘΕΟΔΟΤΟΣ ΑΡ ΧΗ ΝΟΣ - PE+EE / - crescent 61
-19 66 ΚΑΛΛΗΝ Α ΓΗ ΝΟΣ - Φ / - mono (ΔΑΜΗ) 65
-18 65 ΝΙΚΩΝ ΑΡΙ ΣΤΙΠ ΠΟΥ - - / - caddies 89
-17 64 ΑΡΙΣΤΗΝ ΨΥΛ ΛΟ ΟΥ - torch / - wreath 22
-16 63 ΣΩΤΕΛΗΣ ΞΕΝΟ ΦΑΝ ΤΟΥ - - / - prow 111
-15 62 ΑΡΙΣΤΗΝ ΚΟ ΛΟ ΙΟΥ - - / - - 20
-14 61 ΜΟΣΧΙΛΟΣ ΠΑΡ ΜΗ ΝΟΣ - - / - star 80
-13 60 ΑΙΒΑΤΙΟΣ ΧΑΙ ΡΗ ΝΟΣ - - / - ear of corn 8

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Class A6Lc2a (59-54 BC)

Obv. Cow to left. No symbols; only monograms may occur in exergue. Alpha with horizontal connection between legs (A). Rev. Sides of square inward bending. Drumstick-type rays.

Number of known issues: 6. Chronology established. All are listed in the table.

The change of the shape of the letter alpha in this class took place during the first issue (Asklapiadas-Filistionos) where there are nearly equal amounts of coins with the earlier V-and the new, A-type alphas; and the monogram in the exergue is also a bit different, respectively. The mean weight is higher in those with the V-connected alpha. The gradual decline of the mean coin weight towards the end of the drachma production in both towns started about this time, therefore Asklapiadas-Filistionos coins with V-connected alpha precede those with the horizontal connection.

Class A6Lc2a drachms
Year B.C. Obverse Reverse Above name Left / Right Exergue Ceka
-12 59 ΑΣΚΛΑ ΠΙΑΔΑΣ ΦΙΛΙ ΣΤIΩ ΝΟΣ - - / - A or AΔ mono 31
-11 58 ΣΙΜΙΑΣ ΑΥΤΟ ΒΟΥ ΛΟΥ - - / - ΛΕ 98
-10 57 ΜΑΑΡΚΟΣ ΛΥ ΣΑ ΝΙΑ - - / - mono (MAΡΚ) 75
-9 56 ΝΙΚΑΝΔΡΟΣ ΑΝΔ ΡΙΣ ΚΟΥ - - / - mono (ANΔΡΚ) 83
-8 55 ΑΡΙΣΤΩΝ ΛΥ ΣΗ ΝΟΣ - - / - ΑΡ 353
-7 54 ΞΕΝΟΚΛΗΣ ΧΑΙ ΡΗ ΝΟΣ - - / - - 91

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Class A7Lc2b (53-48 BC)

Obv. Cow to left. No symbols but monograms may occur. Rev. Inward-bending sides of square. Petal-type rays. Spindle-form separation line (with occasional central dot).

Number of authentic issues: 6. Chronology established. All are listed in the table.

The last six issues from Apollonia are different from the previous six only in the shape of the rays within the stellate pattern: they resemble petals; and the separation line between the two stellate patterns is spindle-formed, with a central dot in some issues.

Class A7ALc2b drachms
Year B.C. Obverse Reverse Above name Left / Right Exergue Ceka
-6 53 ΑΓΙΑΣ ΕΠΙ ΚΑ ΔΟΥ - - / - - 3
-5 52 ΝΙΚΗΝ ΑΥΤΟ ΒΟΥ ΛΟΥ - - / - - 88
-4 51 ΤΙΜΗΝ ΔΑΜΟ ΦΩΝ ΤΟΣ - - / - mono (ΠΑΝΚ) 115
-3 50 ΑΡΙΣΤΩΝ ΑΙ ΝΕ Α - - / - - 24
-2 49 ΣΩΣΙ ΚΡΑΤΗΣ ΝΙ ΚΩ ΝΟΣ - - / - A, MA, or nil 104
-1 48 ΑΡΙΣΤΗΝ ΜΝΑ ΣΙ Α - - / - - 21

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A unique reverse: fire and pedum

Aibatios-Chairenos

The reverse of the Aibatios/Hairenos issue from Apollonia (Ceka 8, W 61, BMC 41, SNG Tb 1318, SNG Cop 398) is different from all the other drachms: instead of the usual double stellate pattern it shows the fire of the Nymphaeum with a shepherd's crook below.

Maier thought that this issue was a transition to the Apollo denarius series (Übergangsviktoriat)1. However, it belongs to Class A5Lc1 drachms by style characteristics: cow to left, symbol on the obverse, V-type alpha; also supported by hoard evidence and weight2. This drachma may represent some important festivity related to the Nymphaeum: a challenge to be verified by historians. The emissions in the following years continued with the usual reverse.

The piece shown is 3.22 g, vertical diameter of the obverse 16.7 mm.

  1. Maier, A. Die Silberprägung von Apollonia und Dyrrhachion. Numismatische Zeitschrift 41 (Neue Folge 1), 1908, 1-33.
  2. Petrányi, G. Relative chronology of the drachms of Apollonia and Dyrrhachium in the final period of minting. Numizmatikai Közlöny 94-95 (1995-1996) 3-18 + 2 Pl.

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