The coinage of Apollonia and Dyrrhachium:

Bronze coins

Temporary version 1 May 2018

Contents of this page

  1. Introduction
  2. Apollonia
  3. Dyrrhachium

1. Introduction

Bronze coins were the small change for the everiday transactions. Because of the low intrincic value, they were not accepted outside the borders of the local administration. This applies also to Apollonia and Dyrrhachion: dispite their alliance for the cow-calf type silver coins (both for the staters and the drachms), their bronze coins have town-specific features and different weight standards. They do not occur together in hoards, therefore these are discussed separately. The exact chronology of the Illyrian bronze coins has not been worked out satisfactorily. Those types listed here were produced probably parallel to the cow/calf type drachms.

Bronze coins corrode easily in aggressive (acidic) soil unless a resistant patina protects them for gradual dissolution. Few pieces have been preserved in fully identifiable condition.

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2. Apolloniate bronze coins

All Apolloniate bronze coins display the ethnic in full, ΑΠΟΛΛΩΝΙΑΤΑΝ. If the last vowel is omega, the coin was not produced in Illyrian Apollonia.

  1. Artemis - tripodArtemis-tripod

    Obv. Head of Artemis to right. Monogram behind neck. Rev. Tripod within laurel wreath. AΠOΛΛΩ/NIATAN (APOLLO/NIATAN). BMC 47.

  2. Demeter/tripod
  3. Dionysos/cornucopia
  4. Apollo/obelisk
  5. Apollo/lyre

The Apollo/obelisk and the Apollo/lyre types are present in the Dimalla hoard (see Further reading) in two different modules. Those dislapying head Apollo to left, a name left in field, inward (anticlockwise) on the obverse, and border of dots on the reverse, are dealt with in the Apollo denar chapter, because they belong to the Apollo denar series, minted after the Augustan coinage reform in 23 B.C in the Roman imperial standard. However, some of the types listed above could remain in circulation until then.

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3. Dyrrhachium

  1. Zeus/tripod. Obv. Head of Zeus to r. Rev. Tripod lebes between name in two parts, ΔΥΡ below . This is the most frequent Dyrrhachian bronze type; probably contemporary with the cow/calf drachms. Almost all known varieties were found in a temple urn, see the Elbasan hoard in Further reading.
  2. Herakles/bow, club, and quiver
  3. Helios/prow
  4. Aphrodite/eagle
  5. Nike/palm and bunch of grapes

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