The coinage of Apollonia and Dyrrhachium:
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Bronze coins were small change for the local market, but during the cow/calf type drachms, these were not minted for mutual use or for exportation; Apollonia and in Dyrrhachium minted differnt types; which are not found intermixed, and are excptional in finds in other Balkan territories. Their chronology is rather uncertain, there have been few hoards found mixed with the better datable silver pieces that could help find their chronology.
Bronze coins corrode easily in aggressive (acidic) soil unless a resistant patina protects them for gradual dissolution. Few pieces have been preserved in fully identifiable condition.
- Zeus/tripod. Obv. Head of Zeus to r. Rev. Tripod lebes between name in two parts, ΔΥΡ below . This is the most frequent Dyrrhachian bronze type; probably contemporary with the cow/calf drachms. Almost all known varieties were found in a temple urn, see the Elbasan hoard in Further reading.
- Herakles/bow, club, and quiver
- Nike/palm and bunch of grapes
Since the Dyrrhachian mint was closed by the end of the cow/calf type drachma minting, all bronze coins of this town can be dated before 49/48 B.C.
2. Literature references