The coinage of Apollonia and Dyrrhachium:
Roman provincial issues
New chapter. 5 March 2018 - still under construction
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The mint in Dyrrhachium was closed down after the civil was in 49/48 B.C. Apollonia poduced the Apollo denar series, and after this, when the Roman republic developed into the Roman empire, this town minted several bronze coins in the name of several Roman emperors, wives, and sons, in the contemporary standard of the Roman small change. Ususally, the emperor's or his relatives' head, bust, or standig figure. The reverse displays various devices: deities, on the reverse: cornucopia, tripod, temple, emperor on horseback, Apollo sitting and playing harp, or (seldom) the three nymphs dancing around the fire of the Nymphaeum. The legends are in Greek on both sides. The obverse shows the name and titles of the displayed person; the reverse points at the Illyrian origin of the coin by the ethnic attribute AΠOΛΛΩNIATAN, in this spelling.
These coins are rare, usually in bad condition (worn, and/or heavily corroded). Ceka's first book (in Albanian)1 describes a lot different pieces; but the richest, developing, and online available source is the Roman Provincial Coinage2.
Fractions and multiples of the as were minted: quadrans (quarter as), semis (half as), as, dupondius (double as). Most probably, the coins were hand-struck using hinged dies thus keeping the obverse/reverse axis 6h or 12 hr. like in other mints of the empire.
This is a chronological list of emperors from whom provincial issues minted in Apollonia are known:
- Septimius Severus
- Julia Domna
Several types are known from his co-emperorship (177-180 AD) under his father Marcus Aurelius but one has an unquestionable relationship to Apollonia Illyrici even the ethnic is not shown in full: the reverse shows three nymphs dancing about fire.
3. Literature refernces
- Ceka, H. Probleme të numismatikës ilire. State University, Tirana, 1965.